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Philosophy, Politics, Economics & Law

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Philosophy, Politics, Economics & Law

Bachelor of Arts

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The Philosophy, Politics, Economics and Law (PPEL) degree is a highly competitive interdisciplinary undergraduate major of high quality giving students, within a major research university, an undergraduate experience of the sort typically identified with the most successful universities and outstanding liberal arts institutions.The PPEL major draws on established courses from philosophy, politics and economics, but the heart of the program is a set of specialized core courses, designed for PPEL majors. These courses are taught by distinguished faculty with appointments in philosophy, political science, economics and law. In addition, PPEL allows students to pursue their own specialized interests by further study in one of the required tracks (Pre-Law / International & Global Perspectives / Environmental Issues / Moral, Economics & Political Values / Policy Study).

Major Details

College: College of Social and Behavioral Sciences
Admissions Requirements:

No Additional Requirements

Math Required:


    This strand involves the general understanding and appreciation of how mathematics is used to solve problems in everyday life. The G-strand does not prepare a student for any further work grounded in mathematics and assumes the student will not proceed beyond the basic Foundations level noted above. Thus only those students whose major requires the most general knowledge of mathematics should take this strand.
Second Language Required:

4 Semesters

  • Scoring the equivalent of fourth-semester skill level on an entrance or placement examination administered by The University of Arizona.
  • Completion of a two-course sequence beyond the second semester of post-secondary language instruction.
  • Completion with a C or higher of a 300- or 400-level language course at the post-secondary level.
  • Completion of one course beyond the third semester in combination with an AP (Advanced Placement) score, IB (International Baccalaureate) score or a CLEP (College Level Entrance Program) score determined by the individual language department.
  • An AP, IB, or CLEP language score determined by individual language departments.
  • A minimum of one semester study abroad in a language program approved by the appropriate language department as the equivalent of fourth-semester skill level.
4 Semesters
Fees: Yes
Pre-Major: No
Available at:
  • Main Campus

Four-Year Plan

Archived plans are available on Degree Search 2011-2016 for many degree plans. These are sample plans. Please work with your academic advisor for more specific and up-to-date requirements.

Select a year:

UA Course Requirements Units
1st Semester
ENGL 101 - First-Year Composition 3
First Semester Second Language 4
Mathematics Foundation 3
Tier I General Education 3
Tier I General Education 3
2nd Semester
ENGL 102 - First-Year Composition 3
Second Semester Second Language 4
PPEL Foundations I-ECON 200 or ECON 205 3
PPEL Foundations I-ECON 200 or ECON 205 3
Tier I General Education 3
3rd Semester
Third Semester Second Language 3
PPEL Foundations II- PHIL 210 or PHIL 250 4
PPEL Foundations III - POL 203 or 206 3
Tier I General Education 3
Tier I General Education 3
4th Semester
Fourth Semester Second Language 4
Tier I General Education 3
Tier II General Education 3
Tier II General Education 3
Elective Course 3
5th Semester
Core 3
Core 3
Tier II General Education 3
PPEL Track Course 3
Elective Course 3
6th Semester
Core 3
Core 3
PPEL Track Course 3
PPEL Track Course 3
Elective Course 3
7th Semester
Core 3
Core 3
Elective Course 3
Elective Course 3
Elective Course 3
8th Semester
Core 3
PPEL Track Course 3
Elective Course 3
Elective Course 3

AZ Transfer Pathways

This page is designed for in-state transfer students who plan to attend the University of Arizona. The information presented lists the most accurate course equivalencies and may not include all possible requirements. Transfer students are strongly encouraged to use this site for reference only and not for self-advising.

Transfer students should work with their community colleges and UA advisors to develop an individualized plan for transfer, and visit

  • All posted Pathways (except for Bachelor of Applied Science Pathways) fulfill an AGEC and most also fulfill an Associate Degree
  • Following a Pathway does not guarantee admission to the UA nor admission to a college/major/program at the UA
  • Use Pathways in consultation with advisors from your community college and the UA
  • Pathways are subject to change at any time

Which college/university do you attend?

Career Planning

The Philosophy, Politics, Economics, and Law (PPEL) major provides students with coursework from the Philosophy, Political Science, and Economics programs, in addition to specialized courses in the PPEL major that focus on the intersections of these areas. Graduates will be prepared for careers in business, legal services, communications, research, policy analysis, and education. This major is also excellent preparation for law school or graduate studies in public administration, public health policy, or business administration. Some of the job titles listed below may require an advanced degree.

Potential Career Areas

  • Policy analysis
  • Advocacy
  • Campaign strategy
  • Media outreach
  • Mediation
  • International development
  • Government contracting
  • Budget planning
  • Research
  • Education
  • Consulting

Sample Employers

  • Political campaigns
  • Legislators
  • Businesses
  • Conservation organizations
  • Research institutes
  • Policy think tanks
  • Government agencies
  • Schools
  • Colleges and universities
  • Public affairs organizations
  • Ethics boards

Sample Job Titles and National Salary Range

Job Title Salary Range
Lobbyist, Nonprofit Organization $30,000 - $50,000
Middle School Social Studies Teacher $35,000 - $52,000
Press Secretary $40,000 - $65,000
Environmental Policy Analyst $37,900 - $61,700
Political Consultant $35,000 - $45,000
Ethics Investigator $30,000 - $75,000
Public Employment Mediator $30,600 - $55,800
Budget Coordinator $44,900 - $68,200
Political Party Staffer $30,000 - $150,000
Eligibility Specialist, Government Programs $27,800 - $40,000
Program Officer, Foundation $40,000 - $80,000